The maturation of early endosomes into multivesicular bodies (MVBs) and subsequent trafficking to lysosomes is an important event for the control and silencing of endocytosed membrane receptors. The endosomal-sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) proteins appear to play a key role in this event. Phosphatidylinositol lipids including PtdIns(3,5)P2 have been implicated in the MVB-lysosomal pathway and an ESCRT-III component CHMP3 binds to this lipid in vitro.
The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the link between ESCRT proteins, PtdIns(3,5)P2 and endo-lysosomal trafficking. Firstly, a protein expressed by Salmonella, which is a phosphatase that acts on PtdIns(3,5)P2, was investigated as a potential tool for manipulating cellular PtdIns(3,5)P2 levels. Our results suggest that it is potentially a useful tool for this purpose and that expression of SopB perturbs endosome to lysosome trafficking. These findings provide further evidence for a role of PtdIns(3,5)P2 in endo-lysosomal trafficking.
|Date of Award||1 Feb 2008|
|Supervisor||Paul Whitley (Supervisor)|
- endosome trafficking