Interaction of thrust vectoring jets with wing vortical flows

  • Ping Jiang

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD


It has been widely anticipated that thrust vectoring could be an effective method of providing sufficient levels of stability and control for highly manoeuvrable and flexible Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles (UCAVs). The present project aims to understand the interactions of delta wing vortical flows and thrust vectoring, with an emphasis on unsteady aspects. Food-colouring dye flow visualization, Laser-induced fluorescent flow visualization, Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and force measurements were conducted in the water and wind tunnels over a range of dimensionless frequencies and jet momentum coefficients. Both slender and nonslender wings were tested with the purpose of understanding the effect of sweep angle on the aerodynamics-propulsion interaction. The interaction of statically pitched trailing-edge jets with leading-edge vortices over stationary delta wings was studied. It was found that under-vortex blowing with rectangular nozzle at stall and post-stall regimes could yield the maximum effectiveness of trailing-edge blowing, due to the promotion of earlier reattachment and delay of vortex breakdown. The effect of nozzle geometry can be important, because the entrainment effect of the jet depends on it. Studies of the flow field reveal strong jet-vortex interactions, distortion of jet vortices, and merging of wing and jet vortices. The dynamic responses of wing vortical flows to dynamic trailing-edge blowing exhibit hysteresis and phase lag, which increases with the increasing dimensionless frequency of jet momentum. Time delay for the decelerating jet is significantly larger than that for the accelerating jet. Sweep angle has no significant influence on the effect of unsteady trailing-edge blowing. From a design aspect, hysteresis and time delay need to be considered for the flight control systems.
Date of Award1 Jan 2009
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Bath
SupervisorIsmet Gursul (Supervisor)


  • Thrust vectoring
  • unsteady aerodynamics

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