An exercise-induced energy deficit may affect post-exercise energy intake, physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and energy balance hormones. Therefore, the objective of this thesis was to investigate the impact of a single bout of exercise either of moderate (40% O2max) or high (70% O2max) intensity on post-exercise energy intake, physical activity energy expenditure and energy balance hormones in both sedentary and active males.
Physical activity energy expenditure increased between 38 and 62 hours following moderate intensity exercise in sedentary males (Chapters 3 and 4). This was due to increased light intensity energy expenditure (2.4-4.79 METs) such as standing and walking activities (Chapter 4). The Change in PAEE was not associated with circulating leptin and adiponectin concentrations. There was no impact of a single bout of exercise on post-exercise energy intake in sedentary males during a buffet meal (Chapter 4).
Chapter 5 aimed to determine whether changes in PAEE, energy intake, and energy balance hormones were related to physical activity status. Interestingly, plasma acylated ghrelin concentration was suppressed while total peptide YY (PYY) concentration tended to be elevated after high intensity exercise in active males (Chapter 5). However, there was no impact of either moderate or high intensity exercise on PAEE and post-exercise energy intake in active males.
The final study (Chapter 6) determined whether high intensity exercise in the fed state after a few days of food restriction had an impact on circulating energy balance hormones. Circulating postprandial total PYY and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) were increased for one hour after high intensity exercise in active men. There was no change in PAEE and post-exercise energy intake after exercise.
|Date of Award||1 Nov 2009|
|Supervisor||Keith Stokes (Supervisor)|
- energy intake
- energy expenditure