Doctorate in Clinical Psychology: Main Research Portfolio
: 1) Literature Review: A systematic review of self-caught methodologies for measuring mind wandering with meta-awareness; 2) Service Related Project: Feasibility and acceptability of group compassion focused therapy for psychosis in a secondary care community mental health setting: a service related study; 3) Main Research Project: Validity of the Breath Counting Task as a behavioural measure of present moment awareness and meta-awareness.

  • Maria T P Y Chu

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Clinical Psychology (DClinPsy)

Abstract

Objectives The criterion, convergent and incremental validity of the Breath Counting Task (BCT) as measures of present moment awareness and metaawareness were examined. Method A retrospective analysis was conducted on data collected from a sample of 100 schoolteachers who attended a mindfulness training programme. Breath counting accuracy and meta-awareness, measured with the BCT, along with self-reported mindfulness, psychological distress and rumination were assessed before and after the mindfulness-based intervention (MBI). Metaawareness level was determined by the frequency of self-caught errors in relation to unaware errors on the BCT. Results Consistent with the previous validation studies, breath counting accuracy was positively correlated with self-reported mindfulness. Breath counting accuracy was also negatively associated with psychological distress and rumination. Meta-awareness was positively associated with breath counting accuracy and self-reported mindfulness, and negatively associated with psychological distress and rumination. Meta-awareness but not breath counting accuracy was shown to have incremental validity over self-reported mindfulness in predicting psychological distress following MBI. Conclusions This study provides additional evidence for the criterion and convergent validity of BCT as a measure of present moment awareness. This study also provides preliminary evidence for the convergent validity and incremental convergent validity of the BCT as a measure of meta-awareness.  
Date of Award15 Sep 2021
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Bath
SupervisorPaul Chadwick (Supervisor), Jo Daniels (Supervisor), Elizabeth Marks (Supervisor) & Helena Blowers (Supervisor)

Keywords

  • Mindfulness
  • mind-wandering
  • meta-awareness
  • self-caught
  • breath counting

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