Objectives: This study aimed to explore whether mental defeat (MD) occurs in longterm health conditions (LTCs) and if it does, whether it differs across conditions withdiffering symptomology.Design: This study used a cross sectional questionnaire design with two groups;Inflammatory Arthritis (IA) and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).Methods: Participants in both groups completed a battery of questionnaires about their experience of, and their beliefs and feelings about their health condition. A mixed model ANOVA and stepwise regressions were conducted to explore associations. Results: A mixed model ANOVA revealed no significant differences in levels of MD between the two groups. However, both groups reported higher levels of MD than healthy controls. A stepwise regression revealed that MD, health anxiety, disability and catastrophizing were all associated with psychological distress. A second regression revealed that MD, age, and health anxiety predict fear of disease progression. Conclusion: Mental defeat occurred in both LTCs in this study and there was no difference between the two conditions. Mental defeat was associated with psychological distress and fear of disease progression.
|Date of Award||21 Aug 2018|
|Supervisor||Megan Wilkinson-Tough (Supervisor), Cara Davis (Supervisor) & Paul Salkovskis (Supervisor)|