This study examines three areas of child policy assumed by scholars and recent research to relieve child poverty; child benefits, child support and early childhood education and care (ECEC) from a children’s rights perspective by comparing Iceland, Norway and the UK, 1991-2011, asking when, if and how do children's rights emerge in these policies. These areas of policy provide a good opportunity to examine the tension between the child, the adult and the state. A new framework was created combining both children’s rights and child poverty theories with comparative analysis. The results indicate that when and in what form children’s rights emerged not only suggests a classification of the three states; Iceland an Equality-Integrity Rights based system; Norway an Integrity Rights based system; the UK a Family-Centred/Social Investment system. It also opened up an understanding of the three policy areas studied; that the triangular relationship between the state, parent and child is very important and policy specific. These results can help guide policymakers in their search for evidence-based policies, and the framework offers politicians, activists, researchers and social workers a simple, sophisticated tool to gauge children's rights in policies.
|Date of Award||31 Dec 2013|
|Supervisor||Tess Ridge (Supervisor) & Susan Harkness (Supervisor)|