Adsorption of vapours on active carbons.

  • Khalid Sifat Siddiqi

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD


Experimental studies are reported, on the single and binary component adsorption of various gases and organic vapours on activated carbons (Anthrasorb CC818H and CC818M) at different temperatures. Experiments were performed for methane, ethane, methane-ethane mixtures, acetone and carbon tetra-chloride vapours. Single component isotherms were established for all the adsorbates over a range of temperatures (-6 to 50°C). The empirical Langmuir and Freundlich models correlate the results well. The Polanyi adsorption potential theory depicts all of the single component data. Other empirical and theoretical isotherm equations were also tested. Binary isotherms were obtained for methane-ethane mixtures on both Anthrasorb CC818H and CC818M. An empirical method was employed to model the binary adsorption data using single component empirical Langmuir parameters to express the binary isotherm of each component in a given mixture. The Polanyi adsorption potential theory correlates the binary adsorption data fairly well. Breakthrough data for single and binary adsorbates (over a range of concentrations and flowrates) were obtained and mathematical models established which represents the results. A finite difference technique was used to model the fixed bed breakthrough data. Two simplified asymptotic models (linear driving force and pore diffusion control) were also used to correlate the single component data. For the binary adsorption of methane-ethane mixtures, a linear driving force model was successfully employed to correlate the experimental breakthrough curves. Isothermal fixed bed experiments to desorb acetone from Anthrasorb CC818H over the range of temperatures (150-250°C) showed that Anthrasorb can be used to completely remove such an organic vapour and be regenerated for further use.
Date of Award1980
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Bath

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