Active Multiplexing of Spectrally Engineered Heralded Single Photons in an Integrated Fibre Architecture

  • Jamie Francis-Jones

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD


In recent years, there has been rapid development in processing of quantum information using quantum states of light. The focus is now turning towards developing real-world implementations of technologies such as all-optical quantum computing and cryptography. The ability to consistently create and control the required single photon states of light is crucial for successful operation. Therefore, high performance single photon sources are very much in demand.The most common approach of generating the required nonclassical states of light is through spontaneous photon pair generation in a nonlinear medium. One photon in the pair is detected to "herald" the presence of the remaining single photon. For many applications the photons are required to be in pure indistinguishable states. However, photon pairs generated in this manner typically suffer from spectral correlations, which can lead to the production of mixed, distinguishable states. Additionally, these sources are probabilistic in nature, which fundamentally limits the number of photons that can be delivered simultaneously by independent sources and hence the scalability of these future technologies. One route to deterministic operation is by actively multiplexing several independent sources together to increase the probability of delivering a single photon from the system. This thesis presents the development and analysis of a multiplexing scheme of heralded single photons in high-purity indistinguishable states within an integrated optical fibre system. The spectral correlations present between the two photons in the pair were minimised by spectrally engineering each photonic crystal fibre source. A novel, in-fibre, broadband filtering scheme was implemented using photonic bandgap fibres. In total, two sources were multiplexed using a fast optical switch, yielding an 86% increase in the heralded count rate from the system.
Date of Award29 Jun 2016
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Bath
SupervisorPeter Mosley (Supervisor)


  • Single Photon Sources
  • Non-Linear Optics
  • Photonic Crystal Fibre
  • Active Multiplexing

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