Youth crime and education expansion

Stephen Machin, Olivier Marie, Sunčica Vujić

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present new evidence on the causal impact of education on crime, by considering a large expansion of the UK post-compulsory education system that occurred in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The education expansion raised education levels across the whole education distribution and, in particular for our analysis, at the bottom end enabling us to develop an instrumental variable strategy to study the crime-education relationship. At the same time as the education expansion, youth crime fell, revealing a significant cross-cohort relationship between crime and education. The causal effect of education on crime is estimated to be negative and significant, and considerably bigger in (absolute) magnitude than ordinary least squares estimates. The education boost also significantly impacted other productivity related economic variables (qualification attainment and wages), demonstrating that the incapacitation effect of time spent in school is not the sole driver of the results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-384
JournalGerman Economic Review
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

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Education
Crime
Economic variables
Wages
Qualification
Productivity
Instrumental variables
Education system
Causal effect
Ordinary least squares
Cohort

Cite this

Youth crime and education expansion. / Machin, Stephen; Marie, Olivier; Vujić, Sunčica.

In: German Economic Review, Vol. 13, No. 4, 11.2012, p. 366-384.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Machin, S, Marie, O & Vujić, S 2012, 'Youth crime and education expansion', German Economic Review, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 366-384. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0475.2012.00576.x
Machin, Stephen ; Marie, Olivier ; Vujić, Sunčica. / Youth crime and education expansion. In: German Economic Review. 2012 ; Vol. 13, No. 4. pp. 366-384.
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