Young people's experiences of attending a theater-in-education program on child sexual exploitation

Hannah May, Juliane Kloess, Kari Davies, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis

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4 Citations (SciVal)


Child sexual exploitation and abuse (CSEA) has grave implications for the mental health and wellbeing of children and young people. It has been linked to a wide range of difficulties which may extend into adulthood. School-based prevention programs that aim to raise awareness (and thereby have the potential to prevent CSEA) are popular, however, have historically lacked robust and consistent evaluation. The purpose of the present study was therefore to explore young people’s experiences of attending a school-based theater-in-education program, and the impact this had on their awareness and understanding of CSEA. Four focus groups of between four to six participants each were conducted with young people from two co-educational State schools in the United Kingdom. The approach of Template Analysis was used to analyze the data, and revealed a number of themes related to the superordinate themes of “Information and Detail Delivered” and “Format and Timing.” The results suggest that participants gained new awareness and understanding of aspects related to CSEA, including other forms of (criminal) exploitation, as well as how to avoid harm and what to do “if bad things happen.” Participants further reported that the theater performance/live element of the program was particularly impactful, feeling that this was delivered to them at the right time, but suggesting that younger people would also benefit from the important messages. In addition, areas for improvement were identified in terms of the delivery of the program, and the issue of victim blaming. Findings are discussed with a view to practical implications and directions for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Article number609958
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to express their immense gratitude and appreciation to the theater-in-education company and the two schools for their assistance, time, and effort in supporting the study and facilitating the process of data collection. Funding. The study presented here was supported in part by pump-priming funding from the School of Psychology and the Institute of Global Innovation at the University of Birmingham.

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2021 May, Kloess, Davies and Hamilton-Giachritsis.


  • awareness raising
  • child sexual abuse
  • child sexual exploitation
  • internet safety education
  • relationship and sex education
  • school-based prevention
  • theater in education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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