Xmrk-induced melanoma progression is affected by Sdf1 signals through Cxcr7

Daniel Liedtke, Isabell Erhard, Keiko Abe, Makoto Furutani-Seiki, Hisato Kondoh, Manfred Schartl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemokine signals mediated by Sdf1/Cxcl12 through the chemokine receptor Cxcr4 are thought to play an instructive role in tumor migration and organ-specific metastasis. We have used a small aquarium fish model to contribute to a better understanding of how the course of melanoma development is influenced by Sdf1 signals in vivo. We studied oncogene-induced skin tumor appearance and progression in the transgenic medaka (Oryzias latipes) melanoma model. Similar to humans, invasive medaka melanomas show increased levels of sdf1, Cxcr4, and cxcr7 gene expression. Stable transgenic fish lines overexpressing sdf1 exclusively in pigment cells showed a reduction in melanoma appearance and progression. Remarkably, diminished levels of functional Cxcr7, but not of Cxcr4b, resulted in strongly reduced melanoma invasiveness and a repression of melanoma. Our results thereby indicate that Sdf1 signals via Cxcr7 are able to constrain melanoma growth in vivo and that these signals influence tumor outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-233
JournalPigment Cell & Melanoma Research
Volume27
Issue number2
Early online date27 Nov 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

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    Liedtke, D., Erhard, I., Abe, K., Furutani-Seiki, M., Kondoh, H., & Schartl, M. (2014). Xmrk-induced melanoma progression is affected by Sdf1 signals through Cxcr7. Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research, 27(2), 221-233. https://doi.org/10.1111/pcmr.12188