23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Field studies done in northeastern Minnesota indicate that stable wolf (Canis lupus) territories exist separated by buffer regions in which white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) density is greatest. We present a mathematical model to describe this interaction based on simple movement rules for the wolf population and basic predation dynamics. Solutions suggest that pack social requirements to care for the young set up differential predation rates causing segregation of high deer and wolf densities. More interestingly, they also suggest that the predator-prey interaction may play an important role in segregating and maintaining the territories.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-305
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B - Biological Sciences
Volume263
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

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Deer
wolves
deer
Buffers
Theoretical Models
mathematical models
predation
Odocoileus virginianus
Mathematical models
predator-prey interaction
Canis lupus
predator-prey relationships
buffers
Population
rate
field study
young

Cite this

Wolf-deer interactions: a mathematical model. / White, Katrin; Lewis, M A ; Murray, J D.

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B - Biological Sciences, Vol. 263, 1996, p. 299-305.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Field studies done in northeastern Minnesota indicate that stable wolf (Canis lupus) territories exist separated by buffer regions in which white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) density is greatest. We present a mathematical model to describe this interaction based on simple movement rules for the wolf population and basic predation dynamics. Solutions suggest that pack social requirements to care for the young set up differential predation rates causing segregation of high deer and wolf densities. More interestingly, they also suggest that the predator-prey interaction may play an important role in segregating and maintaining the territories.",
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AB - Field studies done in northeastern Minnesota indicate that stable wolf (Canis lupus) territories exist separated by buffer regions in which white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) density is greatest. We present a mathematical model to describe this interaction based on simple movement rules for the wolf population and basic predation dynamics. Solutions suggest that pack social requirements to care for the young set up differential predation rates causing segregation of high deer and wolf densities. More interestingly, they also suggest that the predator-prey interaction may play an important role in segregating and maintaining the territories.

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