Windage sources in smooth-walled rotating disc systems

D. Coren, P. R.N. Childs, C. A. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (SciVal)


This article presents experimental data and an associated correlation for the windage resulting from a disc rotating in air, characteristic of gas turbine engines and relevant to some electrical machine applications. A test rig has been developed that uses an electric motor to drive a smooth bladeless rotor inside an enclosed pressurized housing. The rig has the capability of reaching rotational and throughflow Reynolds numbers representative of a modern gas turbine. A moment coefficient has been used to allow a non-dimensional windage torque parameter to be calculated and an agreement with the relevant data in the literature has been found within 10 per cent. Infrared measurements have been performed that allow direct surface temperatures of the rotating disc to be obtained. Laser Doppler anemometry measurements have been made that allow velocities in the flow field of the rotor-stator cavity to be examined and tangential velocities corresponding to rotationally and radially dominated flow conditions are shown. The importance of the flow regime in relation to the resulting windage has been identified and in particular it is noted that windage is a function not only of the ratio of rotational and radial flow dominance as defined by the turbulence parameter, but also for a given value of the turbulence parameter, the magnitude of the rotationally induced and superimposed flows. The experiments extend the range of data available for windage in rotor-stator systems and have been used to produce a correlation suitable for applications operating up to the range of Reφ = 107.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-888
Number of pages16
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science
Issue number4
Early online date23 Jan 2009
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2009

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Internal air system
  • Rotating flows
  • Windage heating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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