Why the Welsh said yes, but the Northerners no: the role of political parties in consolidating territorial government

David S. Moon, Øivind Bratberg

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Abstract

This article focuses on the role played by the Labour Party in two devolution referendums, in Wales in 1997 and in the North-East region in 2004. Comparing the positive vote of the Welsh and the negative vote of the North shows how the governing party – the Labour Party which has also been historically dominant in each of these regions – contributed to the contrasting outcome. Our argument is that dominant parties impact both in their formal (structural, institutional) and non-formal (cultural, identity) aspects. The crucial role of the leading party is thus to enable (or constrain) a sub-state space for politics and popular mobilisation on territorial grounds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-340
JournalContemporary British History
Volume28
Issue number3
Early online date25 Jul 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • devolution
  • referendums
  • Labour Party
  • Electoral Campaigns
  • Regional Identity

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