When bittersweet turns sour: adverse effects of nostalgia on habitual worriers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nostalgic memories can be pleasant, albeit bittersweet, and have been found beneficial for well-being. This study demonstrated that for individuals who habitually worry, nostalgia may not be such a nourishing experience. Nostalgia was experimentally induced using a visual imagery task and resulted in positive affect. Although this was also the case for participants who habitually worry, these individuals subsequently showed more signs of anxiety and depression than habitual worriers in a control condition. The findings fit within a control theoretical perspective; as habitual worriers' actual chronic state of anxiety contrasts with nostalgic memories of a carefree past, this may instigate further rumination leading to distress. A more present-oriented time perspective, such as mindfulness, is discussed as being beneficial for habitual worriers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-289
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Volume42
Issue number3
Early online date13 Mar 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Mindfulness
Imagery (Psychotherapy)
Depression

Cite this

When bittersweet turns sour: adverse effects of nostalgia on habitual worriers. / Verplanken, Bas.

In: European Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 42, No. 3, 04.2012, p. 285-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{018cb70a71a04f78838786036e7398e0,
title = "When bittersweet turns sour: adverse effects of nostalgia on habitual worriers",
abstract = "Nostalgic memories can be pleasant, albeit bittersweet, and have been found beneficial for well-being. This study demonstrated that for individuals who habitually worry, nostalgia may not be such a nourishing experience. Nostalgia was experimentally induced using a visual imagery task and resulted in positive affect. Although this was also the case for participants who habitually worry, these individuals subsequently showed more signs of anxiety and depression than habitual worriers in a control condition. The findings fit within a control theoretical perspective; as habitual worriers' actual chronic state of anxiety contrasts with nostalgic memories of a carefree past, this may instigate further rumination leading to distress. A more present-oriented time perspective, such as mindfulness, is discussed as being beneficial for habitual worriers.",
author = "Bas Verplanken",
year = "2012",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1002/ejsp.1852",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "285--289",
journal = "European Journal of Social Psychology",
issn = "0046-2772",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - When bittersweet turns sour: adverse effects of nostalgia on habitual worriers

AU - Verplanken, Bas

PY - 2012/4

Y1 - 2012/4

N2 - Nostalgic memories can be pleasant, albeit bittersweet, and have been found beneficial for well-being. This study demonstrated that for individuals who habitually worry, nostalgia may not be such a nourishing experience. Nostalgia was experimentally induced using a visual imagery task and resulted in positive affect. Although this was also the case for participants who habitually worry, these individuals subsequently showed more signs of anxiety and depression than habitual worriers in a control condition. The findings fit within a control theoretical perspective; as habitual worriers' actual chronic state of anxiety contrasts with nostalgic memories of a carefree past, this may instigate further rumination leading to distress. A more present-oriented time perspective, such as mindfulness, is discussed as being beneficial for habitual worriers.

AB - Nostalgic memories can be pleasant, albeit bittersweet, and have been found beneficial for well-being. This study demonstrated that for individuals who habitually worry, nostalgia may not be such a nourishing experience. Nostalgia was experimentally induced using a visual imagery task and resulted in positive affect. Although this was also the case for participants who habitually worry, these individuals subsequently showed more signs of anxiety and depression than habitual worriers in a control condition. The findings fit within a control theoretical perspective; as habitual worriers' actual chronic state of anxiety contrasts with nostalgic memories of a carefree past, this may instigate further rumination leading to distress. A more present-oriented time perspective, such as mindfulness, is discussed as being beneficial for habitual worriers.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84858239489&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.1852

U2 - 10.1002/ejsp.1852

DO - 10.1002/ejsp.1852

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 285

EP - 289

JO - European Journal of Social Psychology

JF - European Journal of Social Psychology

SN - 0046-2772

IS - 3

ER -