What Cognitive Mechanisms Do People Reflect on When They Predict IAT Scores?

Andrew M Rivers, Adam Hahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (SciVal)


Research indicates that individuals can prospectively predict biases they will show on the implicit-association test (IAT). The present study uses the Quadruple process model to analyze data from Hahn, Judd, Hirsh, and Blair to investigate which cognitive mechanisms people reflect on when predicting their racial bias scores on the IAT. The Quadruple process model reveals that a combination of activated associations and self-regulatory control best explains what participants report when they predict their biases on the IAT. Furthermore, it appears to be specifically the total activation of positive attitudes toward Whites and negative attitudes toward minorities rather than negative attitudes toward minorities alone, that participants use to make their predictions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)878-892
Number of pages15
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Issue number6
Early online date14 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019


  • Attitude
  • Cognition
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Minority Groups/psychology
  • Models, Psychological
  • Psychological Tests
  • Racism/psychology


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