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This paper investigates the effect of surface structure and chemistry on the wetting properties of nanostructured porous anodic alumina (PAA). Measurements of the equilibrium apparent contact angle (APCA) were first taken on as produced hydrophilic nanoporous alumina with a range of pore diameters from 10 to 170. nm, yielding a range of contact angles from 10 to 100°. The PAAs were then coated with a fluorosilane to change the surface chemistry of the nanostructures. The same trend was observed as in the hydrophilic case, but the contact angles increased from 106 to 150° for pores sizes ranging from 10 to 100. nm for the hydrophobic PAA. These results probe the limits of the current wetting models such as the Cassie-Baxter and Wenzel equations for nanostructured materials. A geometric model has been developed using the equation proposed by Marmur to explain the wetting properties of the bare- and silanized-PAA.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Colloids and Surfaces, A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Mar 2013|