Webs of oppression: An intersectional analysis of inequalities facing women activists in Palestine

Amal Nazzal, Lindsay Stringfellow, M Maclean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (SciVal)
65 Downloads (Pure)


How can we understand the multiple, intersecting webs of oppression that Palestinian women activists face in their everyday organizing? With a long tradition of counter-hegemonic organizing, the Palestinian context presents opportunities and challenges for women pursuing activist causes in the public domain. Adopting an intersectionality framework, we uncover how gender, class and settler-colonized domination interact, engendering dynamics of oppression differentiated by activists’ social positions. Activists’ stories captured at interview reveal they were not victims across all categories of difference, experiencing forms of relative privilege, characterized as safeguarded, secured and sheltered. We connect relative privilege to the patchwork nature of Palestinian institutions, whereby women’s agency intermingles with a patchwork of historically constituted structures and conditions. Our fine-grained study contributes to literature on feminist and activist organizing and to theorizations of intersectionality by identifying forms of relative oppression and privilege as women actively resist hegemonic gendered structures in Palestine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-295
Number of pages31
JournalHuman Relations
Issue number2
Early online date7 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2024


  • Palestine
  • feminist organizing
  • gender inequalities
  • institutional oppression
  • intersectionality
  • patchwork institutions
  • simultaneity
  • women’s activism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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