Wastewater Analysis for Community-Wide Drugs Use Assessment

Ort C, Bijlsma L, Castiglioni S, Covaci A, de Voogt P, Emke E, Hernández F, Reid M, van Nuijs ALN, Thomas KV, Kasprzyk-Hordern B, Barbara Kasprzyk-Hordern

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter or section

25 Citations (SciVal)


Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) complements existing epidemiology-based estimation techniques and provides objective, evidence-based estimates of illicit drug use. After consumption, biomarkers - drugs and their metabolites - excreted to toilets and flushed into urban sewer networks can be measured in raw wastewater samples. The quantified loads can serve as an estimate for the collective consumption of all people contributing to the wastewater sample. This transdisciplinary approach, further explained in this chapter, has developed, matured and is now established for monitoring substances such as cocaine and amphetamine-type stimulants. Research currently underway is refining WBE to new applications including new psychoactive substances (NPS).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Experimental Pharmacology
Place of PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Jun 2018


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