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We study the sizes of the Voronoi cells of $k$ uniformly chosen vertices in a random split tree of size $n$. We prove that, for $n$ large, the largest of these $k$ Voronoi cells contains most of the vertices, while the sizes of the remaining ones are essentially all of order $n\exp(-\mathrm{const}\sqrt{\log n})$. This discrepancy persists if we modify the definition of the Voronoi cells by (a) introducing random edge lengths (with suitable moment assumptions), and (b) assigning different "influence" parameters (called "speeds" in the paper) to each of the $k$ vertices. Our findings are in contrast to corresponding results on random uniform trees and on the continuum random tree, where it is known that the vector of the relative sizes of the $k$ Voronoi cells is asymptotically uniformly distributed on the $(k-1)$-dimensional simplex.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAcceptance date - 5 Oct 2023


  • math.PR

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