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This paper presents a combined experimental and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) investigation into the effect of purge flow on the secondary flows in the blade passage of an optically-accessible 1-stage turbine rig. The experimental campaign was conducted using Volumetric Velocimetry (VV) measurements to assess the three-dimensional inter-blade velocity field; the complementary CFD campaign was carried out using URANS computations. The implementation of VV within a rotating environment is a world first and offers an unparalleled level of experimental detail.
The baseline flow-field, in the absence of purge flow, demonstrated a classical secondary flow-field: the roll-up of a horseshoe-vortex, with subsequent downstream convection of a pressure-side and suction-side leg, the former transitioning in to the passage vortex. The introduction of purge, at 1.7% of the mainstream flow-rate, was shown to modify the secondary flow field by enhancing the passage vortex, both in strength and span-wise migration. The computational predictions were in agreement with the enhancement revealed by the experiments.
|Journal||Journal of Turbomachinery: Transactions of the ASME|
|Publication status||Acceptance date - 18 Feb 2020|
1/10/14 → 31/12/15
Project: Research council