Visualization of fresh cut timber deformation by photogrammetry

Eve Walkden, Alan Bloodworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (SciVal)


Understanding the mechanical behavior of fresh cut timber, in which the natural moisture content has been retained, has application in predicting the behavior of living tree elements such as branch/stem joints, potentially inspiring structural designs through biomimicry. This project develops a process of strain imaging using particle image velocimetry to analyze behavior of timber samples freshly cut from oak tree joints and tested in tension. The timber surface was not coated so the fiber response could be visualized directly. Load was applied in steps and different methods for comparing images were trialled, including a sequential method in which strain is accumulated progressively from image to image and a first-to-last comparison. Sample flexibility caused significant deformation in the camera field of view, and so the analysis methodology was modified so that each image was compared sequentially with the first with the target area in the image for strain calculation expanded as the test proceeded. This resulted in strain contour plots able to show the impending failure of the component as the tension is applied.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04016123
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number4
Early online date22 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • Photogrammetry
  • Structural testing
  • Timber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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