Saliency detection has been a desirable way for robotic vision to find the most noticeable objects in a scene. In this paper, a robust manifold based saliency estimation method has been developed to help capture the most salient objects in front of robotic eyes, namely cameras. In the proposed approach, an image is considered as a manifold of visual signals (stimuli) spreading over a connected grid, and local visual stimuli are compared against the global image variation to model the visual saliency. With this model, manifold learning is then applied to minimize the local variation while keeping the global contrast, and turns the RGB image into a multi channel image. After the projection through manifold learning, histogram based contrast is then computed for saliency modeling of all channels of the projected images, and mutual information is introduced to evaluate each single channel saliency map against prior knowledge to provide cues for the fusion of multiple channels. In the last step, the fusion procedure combines all single channel saliency maps according to their mutual information score, and generates the final saliency map. In our experiment, the proposed method is evaluated using one of the largest publicly available image datasets. The experimental results validated that our algorithm consistently outperforms the state of the art unsupervised saliency detection methods, yielding higher precision and better recall rates. Furthermore, the proposed method is tested on a video where a moving camera is trying to catch up with the walking person a salient object in the video sequence. Our experimental results demonstrated that the proposed approach can successful accomplish this task, revealing its potential use for similar robotic applications.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the National Conference on Artificial Intelligence|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
|Event||26th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 24th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference - Toronto, Canada|
Duration: 22 Jul 2012 → 26 Feb 2013
|Conference||26th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 24th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference|
|Period||22/07/12 → 26/02/13|