Vision-based real-time position control of a semi-automated system for robot-assisted joint fracture surgery

Giulio Dagnino, Ioannis Georgilas, Payam Tarassoli, Roger Atkins, Sanja Dogramadzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Joint fracture surgery quality can be improved by robotic system with high-accuracy and high-repeatability fracture fragment manipulation. A new real-time vision-based system for fragment manipulation during robot-assisted fracture surgery was developed and tested. Methods: The control strategy was accomplished by merging fast open-loop control with vision-based control. This two-phase process is designed to eliminate the open-loop positioning errors by closing the control loop using visual feedback provided by an optical tracking system. Evaluation of the control system accuracy was performed using robot positioning trials, and fracture reduction accuracy was tested in trials on ex vivo porcine model. Results: The system resulted in high fracture reduction reliability with a reduction accuracy of 0.09 mm (translations) and of (Formula presented.) (rotations), maximum observed errors in the order of 0.12 mm (translations) and of (Formula presented.) (rotations), and a reduction repeatability of 0.02 mm and (Formula presented.). Conclusions: The proposed vision-based system was shown to be effective and suitable for real joint fracture surgical procedures, contributing a potential improvement of their quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-455
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

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Keywords

  • Fracture surgery
  • Medical robotics
  • Real-time control
  • Robot-assisted surgery
  • Vision-based control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Health Informatics

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