Venture capital investment strategy and portfolio failure rate: a longitudinal study

Dimo Dimov, Dirk De Clercq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Given the importance and prevalence of new venture failure, having a better understanding of the factors that affect its occurrence is a paramount research objective. In view of the increased focus on venture capital firms (VCFs) as important stakeholders for entrepreneurial ventures, in this study we examined the relationship between VCFs' investment strategies and their portfolio failure rates. We examined two aspects of a VCF's investment strategy: (1) the extent to which the VCF develops specialized expertise and (2) the extent to which the VCF undertakes investments in cooperation with other investors through syndication. We tested our hypotheses on longitudinal data of the realized strategies of 200 U.S.-based VCFs over a 12-year period. We found that a VCF's specialized development stage expertise had a negative effect on the proportion of defaults in the VCF's portfolio. We also found that the level of syndication positively - rather than negatively - affected the proportion of defaults. We discuss our findings from both theoretical and practical points of view.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-223
Number of pages17
JournalEntrepreneurship, Theory and Practice
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2006

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