Variability of the quasi-2-day wave observed in the MLT region during the PSMOS campaign of June–August 1999

D Pancheva, N J Mitchell, A H Manson, C E Meek, C Jacobi, Y Portnyagin, E Merzlyakov, W K Hocking, J MacDougall, W Singer, K Igarashi, R R Clark, D M Riggin, S J Franke, D Kurschner, A N Fahrutdinova, A M Stepanov, B L Kashcheyev, A N Oleynikov, H G Muller

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Abstract

A network of 15 northern hemisphere radars has been used to measure horizontal winds in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere during the PSMOS campaign of Summer 1999. The radars are sited at latitudes ranging from 21°N to 75°N and longitudes from 142°E to 157°W. The data were examined to investigate the Northern Hemisphere structure of the quasi-2-day planetary wave during the interval June–August. The amplitude of the 2-day wave was found to exhibit great day-to-day variability. In particular, significant periodic fluctuations in amplitude occurred with periods of 8–10 and 14–17 days. These modulations were strongest in July and largely absent in June and August. In July, the wave activity can be resolved into three westward-propagating waves with zonal wave numbers of 2, 3 and 4. The periods associated with these wave numbers were 53–56, 48–50 and 42–43 h, respectively. The simultaneous presence of at least two spectral components with periods close to each other may serve to explain the observed amplitude modulations as a result of a beating between different spectral components. An earlier analysis of the planetary-wave field during this interval has revealed a westward propagating 16-day wave with zonal wave number 1 (Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 64 (2002b) 1865–1896). A non-linear interaction between this 16-day planetary wave and the (3,0) Rossby-gravity mode (the 2-day-wave) provides a possible mechanism to generate the above 42 h/wavenumber 4 wave and the 55 h/wavenumber 2 waves as sum and difference secondary waves. A bispectral analysis was used to further investigate non-linear interactions between members of the planetary-wave field and suggested a number of interactions occur within the planetary-wave field, but that some of the interactions also involve the non-migrating diurnal tide with zonal wavenumber 6.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-565
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
Volume66
Issue number6-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004

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