Value of resilience for self-sustained highway transportation systems

Xuan Liu, Haoyuan Yan, Debin Zeng, Tianyang Zhao, Zhanglei Guan, Chenghong Gu

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Nowadays, self-sustained highway transportation systems (HTSs) are calling for the inter-operation of road networks, distribution networks (DNs), and electric vehicles (EVs) towards the unexpected impacts inducted by extreme weather events (EWEs). A novel joint resilience assessment scheme is proposed to quantify the resilience of self-sustained HTSs under tropical cyclone (TC) events. The impacts of TCs on transmission lines and highways are formulated using a two-step ambiguity set. In the first step, a multitask learning (MTL) based model with a novel training strategy is proposed to simulate the future TC tracks; the impacts of TCs are then calculated in the second step based on the simulation results. Using the ambiguity set, the self-sustained HTSs resilience assessment problem is formulated based on the dynamic optimal traffic assignment problem, where EVs are integrated as third-party emergency resources before the advent of TCs. This scheme is then formulated as a two-stage distributionally robust optimization (DRO) problem and reformulated as a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) problem. Case studies have been conducted on a self-sustained HTS consisting of a modified IEEE-14 bus test system with 2 wind farms (WFs) and a 14-node transportation network with 4 charging stations (CSs). Numerical results indicate that the proposed scheme can quantify the resilience of self-sustained highway transportation systems under the joint operation of EVs regarding the unmet travel demand and load-shedding costs. In comparison to the statistical TC forecasting models, the proposed MTL-based model is more accurate and can reduce the system cost in most cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-952
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number1
Early online date17 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

This article includes datasets hosted on IEEE DataPort(TM), a data repository created by IEEE to facilitate research reproducibility. Click the dataset name below to access it on IEEE DataPort(TM).


  • Costs
  • Electric vehicles
  • Generators
  • Load modeling
  • networked microgrids
  • Probabilistic logic
  • resilience
  • Resilience
  • Roads
  • self-sustained
  • Transportation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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