Value fulfillment and well-being: Clarifying directions over time

Paul H. P. Hanel, Hamdullah Tunç, Divija Bhasin, Lukas F. Litzellachner, Gregory Maio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (SciVal)

Abstract

Objective: We investigate for the first time in a 9-day dairy study whether fulfillingone’s values predicts well-being or whether well-being predicts valuefulfilment over time. Background: The empirical associations between the importance of human values to individuals and their well-being are typically weak and inconsistent. More recently, value fulfillment (i.e., acting in line with one's values) has shown to be more strongly correlated with well-being. Method: The present research goes beyond past research by integrating work from clinical, personality, and social psychology to model associations between value fulfillment and positive and negative aspects of well-being over time. Results: Across a nine-day diary study involving 1434 observations (N = 184), we found that people who were able to fulfill their self-direction values reported more positive well-being on the next day, and those who fulfilled their hedonism values reported less negative well-being on the next day. Conversely, people who reported more positive well-being were more able to fulfill their achievement, stimulation, and self-direction values on the next day, and those who reported more negative well-being were less able to fulfill their achievement values. Importantly, these effects were consistent across three countries/regions (EU/UK, India, Türkiye), the importance people attributed to values, period of the week, and their prestudy well-being. Conclusion: These results help to understand the fundamental interconnections between values and well-being while also having relevance to clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Personality
Early online date27 Jul 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank the Ministry of National Education of Türkiye for funding Hamdullah Tunç's postgraduate studentship (the funder had no role in this project).

Keywords

  • longitudinal research
  • mental health
  • value fulfillment
  • valued living
  • well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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