Validation of a Numerical Quasi One-Dimensional Model for Wave Rotor Turbines with Curved Channels

Stefan Tuechler, Colin Copeland

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter in a published conference proceeding


This paper seeks to introduce a quasi one-dimensional wave action model implemented in MATLAB for the computation of the unsteady flow field and performance characteristics of wave rotors of straight or cambered channel profiles. The model numerically solves the laminar one-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations using a two-step Richtmyer TVD scheme with minmod flux limiter. Additional source terms account for viscous losses, wall heat transfer, flow leakage between rotor and stator endplates as well as torque generation through momentum change. Model validation was conducted in two steps. First of all, unsteady and steady predictive capabilities were tested on threeport pressure divider rotors from open literature. The results show that both steady port flow conditions as well as the wave action within the rotor can be predicted with good agreement. Further validation was done on an in-house developed and experimentally tested four-port, three-cycle, throughflow micro wave rotor turbine featuring symmetrically cambered passage walls aimed at delivering approximately 500W of shaft power. The numerical results depict trends for pressure ratio, shaft power and outlet temperature reasonably well. However, the results further tend to overpredict the effect of changes in boundary conditions and highlight the need for accurately measured leakage gaps when the machine is running in thermal equilibrium.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2019: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
Publication statusAcceptance date - 6 Feb 2019
EventASME Turbo Expo 2019 - Arizona, Phoenix, USA United States
Duration: 17 Jun 201921 Jun 2019


ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2019
Country/TerritoryUSA United States
Internet address


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