Using Public Datasets to Understand the Psychological Correlates of Smoking, Alcohol Consumption, and Obesity: A Country-Level Analysis

Paul H.P. Hanel, Sara M.G. da Silva, Richard A. Inman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the present research, we investigate whether cultural value orientations (CVOs) and aggregate personality traits (Big-5) predict actual levels of alcohol consumption, smoking, and obesity across 50 countries using averages derived from millions of data points. Aggregate traits explained variance above and beyond CVOs in obesity (particularly neuroticism and extraversion), while CVOs explained variance beyond aggregate traits in alcohol consumption (particularly harmony and hierarchy). Smoking was not linked to aggregated traits or CVOs. We conclude that an understanding of the cultural correlates of risky health behaviors may help inform important policies and interventions for meeting international sustainable development goals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-124
Number of pages26
JournalCross-Cultural Research
Volume56
Issue number2-3
Early online date16 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • alcohol
  • cultural value orientations
  • health
  • obesity
  • personality traits
  • public data
  • smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

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