TY - JOUR

T1 - Using coordinate transformation of Navier–Stokes equations to solve flow in multiple helical geometries

AU - Cookson, Andrew

AU - Doorly, D.j.

AU - Sherwin, S.j.

PY - 2010/8/1

Y1 - 2010/8/1

N2 - Recent research on small amplitude helical pipes for use as bypass grafts and arterio-venous shunts, suggests that mixing may help prevent occlusion by thrombosis. It is proposed here that joining together two helical geometries, of different helical radii, will enhance mixing, with only a small increase in pressure loss. To determine the velocity field, a coordinate transformation of the Navier–Stokes equations is used, which is then solved using a 2-D high-order mesh combined with a Fourier decomposition in the periodic direction. The results show that the velocity fields in each component geometry differ strongly from the corresponding solution for a single helical geometry. The results suggest that, although the mixing behaviour will be weaker than an idealised prediction indicates, it will be improved from that generated in a single helical geometry.

AB - Recent research on small amplitude helical pipes for use as bypass grafts and arterio-venous shunts, suggests that mixing may help prevent occlusion by thrombosis. It is proposed here that joining together two helical geometries, of different helical radii, will enhance mixing, with only a small increase in pressure loss. To determine the velocity field, a coordinate transformation of the Navier–Stokes equations is used, which is then solved using a 2-D high-order mesh combined with a Fourier decomposition in the periodic direction. The results show that the velocity fields in each component geometry differ strongly from the corresponding solution for a single helical geometry. The results suggest that, although the mixing behaviour will be weaker than an idealised prediction indicates, it will be improved from that generated in a single helical geometry.

U2 - 10.1016/j.cam.2009.08.065

DO - 10.1016/j.cam.2009.08.065

M3 - Article

VL - 234

SP - 2069

EP - 2079

JO - Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics

JF - Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics

SN - 0377-0427

IS - 7

ER -