Use of pressure measurements to determine effectiveness of turbine rim seals

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ingress of hot gas through the rim seal of a gas turbine depends on the pressure difference between the mainstream flow in the turbine annulus and that in the wheel-space radially inward of the rim seal. In this paper, a previously published orifice model is modified so that the sealing effectiveness εc determined from concentration measurements in a rig could be used to determine εp the effectiveness determined from pressure measurements in an engine. It is assumed that there is a hypothetical ‘sweet spot’ on the vane platform where the measured pressures would ensure that the calculated value of εp equals εc, the value determined from concentration measurements. Experimental measurements for a radial-clearance seal show that, as predicted, the hypothetical pressure difference at the sweet spot is linearly related to the pressure difference measured at an arbitrary location on the vane platform. There is good agreement between the values of εp determined using the theoretical model and values of εc determined from concentration measurements. Supporting computations, using a 3D steady CFD code, show that the axial location of the sweet spot is very close to the upstream edge of the seal clearance. It is shown how parameters obtained from measurements of pressure and concentration in a rig could, in principle, be used to calculate the sealing effectiveness in an engine.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
Place of PublicationDusseldorf, Germany
PublisherASME
Number of pages11
Volume5C
ISBN (Print)978-0-7918-4573-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventASME Turbo EXpo 2014 - Dusseldorf, Germany
Duration: 16 Jun 201420 Jun 2014

Conference

ConferenceASME Turbo EXpo 2014
CountryGermany
CityDusseldorf
Period16/06/1420/06/14

Fingerprint

turbines
pressure measurement
rims
vanes
sealing
clearances
engines
platforms
gas turbines
annuli
orifices
high temperature gases
charge flow devices
wheels
upstream

Cite this

Owen, J. M., Wu, K., Scobie, J., Sangan, C. M., Cho, G., & Lock, G. D. (2014). Use of pressure measurements to determine effectiveness of turbine rim seals. In Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition (Vol. 5C). [GT2014-25200] Dusseldorf, Germany: ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2014-25200

Use of pressure measurements to determine effectiveness of turbine rim seals. / Owen, J. M.; Wu, K; Scobie, James; Sangan, C M; Cho, Geonhwan; Lock, G D.

Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Vol. 5C Dusseldorf, Germany : ASME, 2014. GT2014-25200.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Owen, JM, Wu, K, Scobie, J, Sangan, CM, Cho, G & Lock, GD 2014, Use of pressure measurements to determine effectiveness of turbine rim seals. in Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. vol. 5C, GT2014-25200, ASME, Dusseldorf, Germany, ASME Turbo EXpo 2014, Dusseldorf, Germany, 16/06/14. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2014-25200
Owen JM, Wu K, Scobie J, Sangan CM, Cho G, Lock GD. Use of pressure measurements to determine effectiveness of turbine rim seals. In Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Vol. 5C. Dusseldorf, Germany: ASME. 2014. GT2014-25200 https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2014-25200
Owen, J. M. ; Wu, K ; Scobie, James ; Sangan, C M ; Cho, Geonhwan ; Lock, G D. / Use of pressure measurements to determine effectiveness of turbine rim seals. Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Vol. 5C Dusseldorf, Germany : ASME, 2014.
@inproceedings{4f7a72857ab44b50b52287d275d6eca9,
title = "Use of pressure measurements to determine effectiveness of turbine rim seals",
abstract = "The ingress of hot gas through the rim seal of a gas turbine depends on the pressure difference between the mainstream flow in the turbine annulus and that in the wheel-space radially inward of the rim seal. In this paper, a previously published orifice model is modified so that the sealing effectiveness εc determined from concentration measurements in a rig could be used to determine εp the effectiveness determined from pressure measurements in an engine. It is assumed that there is a hypothetical ‘sweet spot’ on the vane platform where the measured pressures would ensure that the calculated value of εp equals εc, the value determined from concentration measurements. Experimental measurements for a radial-clearance seal show that, as predicted, the hypothetical pressure difference at the sweet spot is linearly related to the pressure difference measured at an arbitrary location on the vane platform. There is good agreement between the values of εp determined using the theoretical model and values of εc determined from concentration measurements. Supporting computations, using a 3D steady CFD code, show that the axial location of the sweet spot is very close to the upstream edge of the seal clearance. It is shown how parameters obtained from measurements of pressure and concentration in a rig could, in principle, be used to calculate the sealing effectiveness in an engine.",
author = "Owen, {J. M.} and K Wu and James Scobie and Sangan, {C M} and Geonhwan Cho and Lock, {G D}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1115/GT2014-25200",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-0-7918-4573-8",
volume = "5C",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition",
publisher = "ASME",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Use of pressure measurements to determine effectiveness of turbine rim seals

AU - Owen, J. M.

AU - Wu, K

AU - Scobie, James

AU - Sangan, C M

AU - Cho, Geonhwan

AU - Lock, G D

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The ingress of hot gas through the rim seal of a gas turbine depends on the pressure difference between the mainstream flow in the turbine annulus and that in the wheel-space radially inward of the rim seal. In this paper, a previously published orifice model is modified so that the sealing effectiveness εc determined from concentration measurements in a rig could be used to determine εp the effectiveness determined from pressure measurements in an engine. It is assumed that there is a hypothetical ‘sweet spot’ on the vane platform where the measured pressures would ensure that the calculated value of εp equals εc, the value determined from concentration measurements. Experimental measurements for a radial-clearance seal show that, as predicted, the hypothetical pressure difference at the sweet spot is linearly related to the pressure difference measured at an arbitrary location on the vane platform. There is good agreement between the values of εp determined using the theoretical model and values of εc determined from concentration measurements. Supporting computations, using a 3D steady CFD code, show that the axial location of the sweet spot is very close to the upstream edge of the seal clearance. It is shown how parameters obtained from measurements of pressure and concentration in a rig could, in principle, be used to calculate the sealing effectiveness in an engine.

AB - The ingress of hot gas through the rim seal of a gas turbine depends on the pressure difference between the mainstream flow in the turbine annulus and that in the wheel-space radially inward of the rim seal. In this paper, a previously published orifice model is modified so that the sealing effectiveness εc determined from concentration measurements in a rig could be used to determine εp the effectiveness determined from pressure measurements in an engine. It is assumed that there is a hypothetical ‘sweet spot’ on the vane platform where the measured pressures would ensure that the calculated value of εp equals εc, the value determined from concentration measurements. Experimental measurements for a radial-clearance seal show that, as predicted, the hypothetical pressure difference at the sweet spot is linearly related to the pressure difference measured at an arbitrary location on the vane platform. There is good agreement between the values of εp determined using the theoretical model and values of εc determined from concentration measurements. Supporting computations, using a 3D steady CFD code, show that the axial location of the sweet spot is very close to the upstream edge of the seal clearance. It is shown how parameters obtained from measurements of pressure and concentration in a rig could, in principle, be used to calculate the sealing effectiveness in an engine.

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/GT2014-25200

U2 - 10.1115/GT2014-25200

DO - 10.1115/GT2014-25200

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-0-7918-4573-8

VL - 5C

BT - Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition

PB - ASME

CY - Dusseldorf, Germany

ER -