Worldwide energy consumption is generally related with fossil fuels that increase CO2 and other greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. The transport sector
represents a significant part of energy demand. As its share comes mostly from petroleum products, known for their highly polluting effects, there is the need
to quantify energy use by transport. This assessment supports the planning and
implementation of energy consumption mitigation policies that reduce negative
environmental outcomes of transport systems.

The research introduces an approach to estimate transport energy consumption
obtained from available data and scaling factors. As the emphasis is put on
urban transport, only commute road and rail transport are considered in the
analysis. Data is stored and managed in a Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
framework environment that also supports mapping the results. These maps allow
identifying higher energy consumption areas by mode of transport and type of
vehicle. Plotting the results also enables understanding the geographic distribution
of energy demand from urban to rural regions, providing tools to perceive the
relationship between urban form and energy consumption of the transport sector.
Taking into account that the analysis is produced at a large scale, the obtained
results offer support to planners and policy makers that seek solving transport related
problems, as pollution and high energy demand. Large scale analysis
allows and enhances better planning, primarily when designing strategies for such
detailed areas as urban spaces. Assessing and analysing energy consumption of
the transport sector, enables deriving alternative energy layouts that present better
energy efficiency, aiming for the final goal of mitigate the negative effects of urban
transport systems.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event21st International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment - València, Spain
Duration: 2 Jun 20154 Jun 2015


Conference21st International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment


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