Abstract

Worldwide energy consumption is generally related with fossil fuels that increase CO2 and other greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. The transport sector
represents a significant part of energy demand. As its share comes mostly from petroleum products, known for their highly polluting effects, there is the need
to quantify energy use by transport. This assessment supports the planning and
implementation of energy consumption mitigation policies that reduce negative
environmental outcomes of transport systems.

The research introduces an approach to estimate transport energy consumption
obtained from available data and scaling factors. As the emphasis is put on
urban transport, only commute road and rail transport are considered in the
analysis. Data is stored and managed in a Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
framework environment that also supports mapping the results. These maps allow
identifying higher energy consumption areas by mode of transport and type of
vehicle. Plotting the results also enables understanding the geographic distribution
of energy demand from urban to rural regions, providing tools to perceive the
relationship between urban form and energy consumption of the transport sector.
Taking into account that the analysis is produced at a large scale, the obtained
results offer support to planners and policy makers that seek solving transport related
problems, as pollution and high energy demand. Large scale analysis
allows and enhances better planning, primarily when designing strategies for such
detailed areas as urban spaces. Assessing and analysing energy consumption of
the transport sector, enables deriving alternative energy layouts that present better
energy efficiency, aiming for the final goal of mitigate the negative effects of urban
transport systems.

Conference

Conference21st International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment
CountrySpain
CityValència
Period2/06/154/06/15

Fingerprint

urban transport
energy use
road transport
alternative energy
energy efficiency
fossil fuel
analysis
energy consumption
greenhouse gas
mitigation
GIS
petroleum
pollution
energy demand

Cite this

Osorio, B. M., McCullen, N., & Walker, I. (2015). Urban transport: analysis of commute energy use. 855-865. Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment, València, Spain.

Urban transport: analysis of commute energy use. / Osorio, Bruno Manuel; McCullen, Nick; Walker, Ian.

2015. 855-865 Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment, València, Spain.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Osorio, BM, McCullen, N & Walker, I 2015, 'Urban transport: analysis of commute energy use' Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment, València, Spain, 2/06/15 - 4/06/15, pp. 855-865.
Osorio BM, McCullen N, Walker I. Urban transport: analysis of commute energy use. 2015. Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment, València, Spain.
Osorio, Bruno Manuel ; McCullen, Nick ; Walker, Ian. / Urban transport: analysis of commute energy use. Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment, València, Spain.10 p.
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abstract = "Worldwide energy consumption is generally related with fossil fuels that increase CO2 and other greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. The transport sectorrepresents a significant part of energy demand. As its share comes mostly from petroleum products, known for their highly polluting effects, there is the needto quantify energy use by transport. This assessment supports the planning andimplementation of energy consumption mitigation policies that reduce negativeenvironmental outcomes of transport systems.The research introduces an approach to estimate transport energy consumptionobtained from available data and scaling factors. As the emphasis is put onurban transport, only commute road and rail transport are considered in theanalysis. Data is stored and managed in a Geographical Information Systems (GIS)framework environment that also supports mapping the results. These maps allowidentifying higher energy consumption areas by mode of transport and type ofvehicle. Plotting the results also enables understanding the geographic distributionof energy demand from urban to rural regions, providing tools to perceive therelationship between urban form and energy consumption of the transport sector.Taking into account that the analysis is produced at a large scale, the obtainedresults offer support to planners and policy makers that seek solving transport relatedproblems, as pollution and high energy demand. Large scale analysisallows and enhances better planning, primarily when designing strategies for suchdetailed areas as urban spaces. Assessing and analysing energy consumption ofthe transport sector, enables deriving alternative energy layouts that present betterenergy efficiency, aiming for the final goal of mitigate the negative effects of urbantransport systems.",
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