Unusual N[sbnd]H/O[sbnd]H Activation Mechanism for Au-Catalyzed N,O-Functionalization of 1,4-diyn-3-ols with N-hydroxyanilines

Yuxia Liu, Xufang Zhao, Jing Zhang, Jianbo Tong, Guang Chen, Siwei Bi, Tony D. James

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Au-catalyzed N,O-functionalization of 1,4-diyn-3-ols with N-hydroxyanilines provides a short and efficient approach to construct versatile pyrrole frameworks. Using DFT calculations, we systematically investigated the detailed mechanisms involved in this reaction. It was found that, the commonly asserted N[sbnd]H/O[sbnd]H activation mechanism was unfavoured due to a high energy barrier. The main reason was believed to be associated with the inversion of configuration on the sp3-hybrid C atom (generated after the H(N)-shift) which results in significant energy consumption for the subsequent H(O)-shift. Therefore, here we present a unique “1,4-elimination/1,4-syn-protodeauration” catalytic mechanism, in which (i) the charge delocalization on the carbon cation is conductive to the stability of the 1,4-elimination TS; (ii) the high exergonicity of the 1,4-elimination decreases the potential energy surface of the subsequent reaction; and (iii) the sp2-C site ensures energy-efficient retention of configuration during the 1,4-syn-protodeauration, in contrast to the energy-consuming inversion of configuration during the classical anti-protodeauration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114055
JournalMolecular Catalysis
Volume559
Early online date22 Mar 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2024

Data Availability Statement

I have shared my data ate the Attach File step.

Keywords

  • 1,4-diyn-3-ol
  • Au catalysis
  • DFT
  • N,O-functionalization
  • N-hydroxyaniline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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