TY - JOUR

T1 - Uniqueness results for weak Leray-Hopf solutions of the Navier-Stokes system with initial values in critical spaces

AU - Barker, Tobias

PY - 2017/1/30

Y1 - 2017/1/30

N2 - The main subject of this paper concerns the establishment of certain classes of initial data, which grant short time uniqueness of the associated weak Leray–Hopf solutions of the three dimensional Navier–Stokes equations. In particular, our main theorem that this holds for any solenodial initial data, with finite L2(R3) norm, that also belongs to certain subsets of VMO−1(R3). As a corollary of this, we obtain the same conclusion for any solenodial u0 belonging to L2(R3)∩B˙−1+3pp,∞(R3), for any 3<p<∞. Here, B˙−1+3pp,∞(R3) denotes the closure of test functions in the critical Besov space B˙−1+3pp,∞(R3). Our results rely on the establishment of certain continuity properties near the initial time, for weak Leray–Hopf solutions of the Navier–Stokes equations, with these classes of initial data. Such properties seem to be of independent interest. Consequently, we are also able to show if a weak Leray–Hopf solution u satisfies certain extensions of the Prodi-Serrin condition on R3×]0,T[, then it is unique on R3×]0,T[ amongst all other weak Leray–Hopf solutions with the same initial value. In particular, we show this is the case if u∈Lq,s(0,T;Lp,s(R3)) or if it’s Lq,∞(0,T;Lp,∞(R3)) norm is sufficiently small, where 3<p<∞, 1≤s<∞ and 3/p+2/q=1.

AB - The main subject of this paper concerns the establishment of certain classes of initial data, which grant short time uniqueness of the associated weak Leray–Hopf solutions of the three dimensional Navier–Stokes equations. In particular, our main theorem that this holds for any solenodial initial data, with finite L2(R3) norm, that also belongs to certain subsets of VMO−1(R3). As a corollary of this, we obtain the same conclusion for any solenodial u0 belonging to L2(R3)∩B˙−1+3pp,∞(R3), for any 3<p<∞. Here, B˙−1+3pp,∞(R3) denotes the closure of test functions in the critical Besov space B˙−1+3pp,∞(R3). Our results rely on the establishment of certain continuity properties near the initial time, for weak Leray–Hopf solutions of the Navier–Stokes equations, with these classes of initial data. Such properties seem to be of independent interest. Consequently, we are also able to show if a weak Leray–Hopf solution u satisfies certain extensions of the Prodi-Serrin condition on R3×]0,T[, then it is unique on R3×]0,T[ amongst all other weak Leray–Hopf solutions with the same initial value. In particular, we show this is the case if u∈Lq,s(0,T;Lp,s(R3)) or if it’s Lq,∞(0,T;Lp,∞(R3)) norm is sufficiently small, where 3<p<∞, 1≤s<∞ and 3/p+2/q=1.

U2 - 10.1007/s00021-017-0315-8

DO - 10.1007/s00021-017-0315-8

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 133

EP - 160

JO - Journal of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics

JF - Journal of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics

SN - 1422-6928

ER -