Uncertainty evaluation method for axi-symmetric measurement machines

Jody Emlyn Muelaner, Patrick S. Keogh

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This paper describes a method of uncertainty evaluation for axi-symmetric measurement machines. Specialized measuring machines for the inspection of axisymmetric components enable the measurement of properties such as roundness (radial runout), axial runout and coning. These machines typically consist of a rotary table and a number of contact measurement probes located on slideways. Sources of uncertainty include the probe calibration process, probe repeatability, probe alignment, geometric errors in the rotary table, the dimensional stability of the structure holding the
probes and form errors in the reference hemisphere which is used to calibrate the system. The generic method is described and an evaluation of an industrial machine is described as a worked example. Expanded uncertainties, at 95% confidence, were then calculated for the measurement of; radial runout (1.2 μm with a plunger probe or 1.7 μm with a lever probe); axial runout (1.2 μm with a plunger probe or 1.5 μm with a lever probe); and coning/swash (0.44 arc seconds with a plunger probe or 0.60 arc seconds with a lever probe).
Original languageEnglish
Article number206
JournalInternational Journal of Metrology and Quality Engineering
Issue number2
Early online date6 Jun 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Axi-Symmetric Measurement
  • runout
  • axial runout
  • radial runout


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