Ultra-low-power hybrid light–matter solitons

P. M. Walker, L. Tinkler, D. V. Skryabin, A. Yulin, B. Royall, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, M. S. Skolnick, D. N. Krizhanovskii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New functionalities in nonlinear optics will require systems with giant optical nonlinearity as well as compatibility with photonic circuit fabrication techniques. Here we introduce a platform based on strong light–matter coupling between waveguide photons and quantum-well excitons. On a sub-millimetre length scale we generate picosecond bright temporal solitons at a pulse energy of only 0.5 pJ. From this we deduce a nonlinear refractive index three orders of magnitude larger than in any other ultrafast system. We study both temporal and spatio-temporal nonlinear effects and observe dark–bright spatio-temporal polariton solitons. Theoretical modelling of soliton formation in the strongly coupled system confirms the experimental observations. These results show the promise of our system as a high speed, low power, integrated platform for physics and devices based on strong interactions between photons.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8317
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalNature Communications
Volume6
Early online date24 Sep 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sep 2015

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Solitons
solitary waves
Light
Photons
platforms
Nonlinear optics
nonlinear optics
photons
Optics and Photonics
polaritons
Refractometry
Photonics
compatibility
Semiconductor quantum wells
Refractive index
Physics
Waveguides
nonlinearity
excitons
high speed

Cite this

Walker, P. M., Tinkler, L., Skryabin, D. V., Yulin, A., Royall, B., Farrer, I., ... Krizhanovskii, D. N. (2015). Ultra-low-power hybrid light–matter solitons. Nature Communications, 6, 1-7. [8317]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9317

Ultra-low-power hybrid light–matter solitons. / Walker, P. M.; Tinkler, L.; Skryabin, D. V.; Yulin, A.; Royall, B.; Farrer, I.; Ritchie, D. A.; Skolnick, M. S.; Krizhanovskii, D. N.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 6, 8317, 24.09.2015, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walker, PM, Tinkler, L, Skryabin, DV, Yulin, A, Royall, B, Farrer, I, Ritchie, DA, Skolnick, MS & Krizhanovskii, DN 2015, 'Ultra-low-power hybrid light–matter solitons', Nature Communications, vol. 6, 8317, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9317
Walker PM, Tinkler L, Skryabin DV, Yulin A, Royall B, Farrer I et al. Ultra-low-power hybrid light–matter solitons. Nature Communications. 2015 Sep 24;6:1-7. 8317. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9317
Walker, P. M. ; Tinkler, L. ; Skryabin, D. V. ; Yulin, A. ; Royall, B. ; Farrer, I. ; Ritchie, D. A. ; Skolnick, M. S. ; Krizhanovskii, D. N. / Ultra-low-power hybrid light–matter solitons. In: Nature Communications. 2015 ; Vol. 6. pp. 1-7.
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