Ultra-high discharged energy density capacitor using high aspect ratio Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 nanofibers

Hang Luo, James Roscow, Xuefan Zhou, Sheng Chen, Xianghui Han, Kechao Zhou, Dou Zhang, Chris R. Bowen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Ceramic/polymer nanocomposites are attractive for energy storage applications due to their ability to exploit the high permittivity of ceramic fillers and high breakdown strength of the polymer matrix. One challenge for the development of high performance nanocomposites based on ceramic particulates or fibers in a polymer matrix is that they often require a high volume fraction (>50%) to achieve a high permittivity, which is often at the expense of a reduction in dielectric strength and mechanical flexibility. In this paper we demonstrate by both experiment and finite element simulation that high aspect ratio nanofiber fillers offer an effective approach to achieve high energy density and dielectric strength. Lead-free ferroelectric Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 (BNT) nanofibers with a high aspect ratio (>200) are synthesized by a hydrothermal method and dispersed in a poly(vinylidene difluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (P(VDF-HFP)) matrix. The increased fraction of β-phase and the alignment of BNT nanofibers perpendicular to the direction of the applied electric field lead to an enhanced dielectric strength, compared to spherical BNT/P(VDF-FHP) nanoparticles and pure P(VDF-HFP), and experimental measurements are compared with numerical simulations. The results demonstrate that the nanofiber nanocomposites exhibited an ultra-high discharged energy density (12.7 J cm-3) and provide an innovative approach to produce high-energy storage density materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7091-7102
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume5
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2017

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Nanofibers
Aspect ratio
Capacitors
Nanocomposites
Polymer matrix
Energy storage
Fillers
Permittivity
Chemical elements
Ferroelectric materials
Volume fraction
Polymers
Lead
Electric fields
Nanoparticles
Fibers
Computer simulation
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Ultra-high discharged energy density capacitor using high aspect ratio Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 nanofibers. / Luo, Hang; Roscow, James; Zhou, Xuefan; Chen, Sheng; Han, Xianghui; Zhou, Kechao; Zhang, Dou; Bowen, Chris R.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, No. 15, 21.04.2017, p. 7091-7102.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Luo, Hang ; Roscow, James ; Zhou, Xuefan ; Chen, Sheng ; Han, Xianghui ; Zhou, Kechao ; Zhang, Dou ; Bowen, Chris R. / Ultra-high discharged energy density capacitor using high aspect ratio Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 nanofibers. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 2017 ; Vol. 5, No. 15. pp. 7091-7102.
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