Twiplomacy in the age of Donald Trump: Is the diplomatic code changing?

Maja Šimunjak , Alessandro Caliandro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (SciVal)
202 Downloads (Pure)


This study employs digital methods in conjunction with traditional content and discourse analyses to explore how the US President Donald Trump conducts diplomacy on Twitter and how, if at all, diplomatic entities around the world engage in diplomatic exchanges with him. The results confirm speculations that Trump’s diplomatic communication on Twitter disrupts traditional codes of diplomatic language but show little evidence that new codes of diplomatic interactions on social media are being constructed, given that other diplomatic entities around the world mostly remain within the confines of traditional notions of diplomacy in (not) communicating with Trump on Twitter.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-25
Number of pages13
JournalInformation Society
Issue number1
Early online date10 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Twitter; social media; diplomacy; digital methods; United States; Donald Trump
  • Donald Trump
  • digital methods
  • Diplomacy
  • United States
  • Twitter
  • social media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Information Systems
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Management Information Systems


Dive into the research topics of 'Twiplomacy in the age of Donald Trump: Is the diplomatic code changing?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this