Turbocompounding the Opposed-Piston 2-Stroke Engine

Alex Young, Jamie Turner, Robert Head

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

This paper presents analytical research conducted into the level of fuel consumption improvement that can be expected from turbocompounding a medium-duty opposed-piston 2-stroke engine, which is part of a hybridized vehicle propulsion system. It draws on a successful earlier study which showed a non-compounded opposed-piston engine to be clearly superior to other forms of 2-stroke engine, such as the widely adopted uniflow-scavenged poppet valve configuration. Electrical power transmission is proposed as the method of providing the necessary variable-speed drive to transmit excess turbine power to the system energy storage medium. The work employs one-dimensional engine simulation on a single-cylinder basis, using brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) as the reportable metric, coupled with positive or negative power flow to the engine from the compounder; this is a variation on an approach successfully used in earlier work. Here it shows the sensitivities of the overall system to cylinder pressure, the compressor and turbine efficiencies, exhaust backpressure and also provides a means to investigate the effect of the power transmission efficiency on the overall benefit. Reheating the air before the turbine is also investigated as a means of providing a “burst” performance facility, albeit at the expense of extra fuel consumption. Positive compounding work is shown to be achievable across all investigated engine operating points under certain conditions. Operating points at lower engine speeds showed an increased propensity for turbocompounding, with 5-6% of the brake torque arising from the compounder, compared to those at higher engine speeds, where a maximum of 4% was seen. BSFC was found to be highly dependent on compounding torque with improvements only arising from reducing backpressure. A better understanding of the flow restrictions of the exhaust aftertreatment and muffler systems, for a given application, would allow for more accurate determination of the possibility for BSFC reduction within realistic operating conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2021
EventSAE 2021 World Congress - Detroit, USA United States
Duration: 13 Apr 202115 Apr 2021

Conference

ConferenceSAE 2021 World Congress
CountryUSA United States
CityDetroit
Period13/04/2115/04/21

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