Tuning of catalytic sites in Pt/TiO2 catalysts for the chemoselective hydrogenation of 3-nitrostyrene

Margherita Macino, Alexandra J. Barnes, Sultan M. Althahban, Ruiyang Qu, Emma K. Gibson, David J. Morgan, Simon J. Freakley, Nikolaos Dimitratos, Christopher J. Kiely, Xiang Gao, Andrew M. Beale, Donald Bethell, Qian He, Meenakshisundaram Sankar, Graham J. Hutchings

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Abstract

The catalytic activities of supported metal nanoparticles can be tuned by appropriate design of synthesis strategies. Each step in a catalyst synthesis method can play an important role in preparing the most efficient catalyst. Here we report the careful manipulation of the post-synthetic heat treatment procedure—together with control over the metal loading—to prepare a highly efficient 0.2 wt% Pt/TiO2 catalyst for the chemoselective hydrogenation of 3-nitrostyrene. For Pt/TiO2 catalysts with 0.2 and 0.5 wt% loading levels, reduction at 450 °C induces the coverage of TiOx over Pt nanoparticles through a strong metal–support interaction, which is detrimental to their catalytic activities. However, this can be avoided by following calcination treatment with reduction (both at 450 °C), allowing us to prepare an exceptionally active catalyst. Detailed characterization has revealed that the peripheral sites at the Pt/TiO2 interface are the most likely active sites for this hydrogenation reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-881
Number of pages9
JournalNature Catalysis
Volume2
Issue number10
Early online date16 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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