Negative curvature fibre (NCF) guides light in its core by inhibiting the coupling of core and cladding modes. In this work, an NCF was designed and fabricated to transmit ultrashort optical pulses for multiphoton microscopy with low group velocity dispersion (GVD) at 800 nm. Its attenuation was measured to be <0.3 dB.m-1 over the range 600-850 nm and the GVD was -180±70 fs2.m-1 at 800 nm. Using an average fibre output power of ~20 mW and pulse repetition rate of 80 MHz, the NCF enabled pulses with a duration of <200 fs to be transmitted through a length of 1.5 m of fibre over a tuning range of 180 nm without the need for dispersion compensation. In a 4 m fibre, temporal and spectral pulse widths were maintained to within 10% of low power values up to the maximum fibre output power achievable with the laser system used of 278 mW at 700 nm, 808 mW at 800 nm and 420 mW at 860 nm. When coupled to a multiphoton microscope, it enabled imaging of ex vivo tissue using excitation wavelengths from 740 nm to 860 nm without any need for adjustments to the set-up.
Sherlock, B., Yu, F., Stone, J., Warren, S., Paterson, C., Neil, M. A. A., ... Dunsby, C. (2016). Tunable fibre-coupled multiphoton microscopy with a negative curvature fibre. Journal of Biophotonics, 9(7), 715-720. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbio.201500290