Tsunamis from strike-slip earthquakes in theWharton Basin, northeast Indian Ocean: March 2016Mw7.8 event and its relationship with the April 2012Mw 8.6 event

Mohammad Heidarzadeh, Tomoya Harada, Kenji Satake, Takeo Ishibe, Tomohiro Takagawa

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28 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The Wharton Basin, off southwest Sumatra, ruptured to a large intraplate left-lateral strikeslip Mw 7.8 earthquake on 2016 March 2. The epicentre was located ~800 km to the south of another similar-mechanism intraplate Mw 8.6 earthquake in the same basin on 2012 April 11. Small tsunamis from these strike-slip earthquakes were registered with maximum amplitudes of 0.5-1.5 cm on DARTs and 1-19 cm on tide gauges for the 2016 event, and the respective values of 0.5-6 and 6-40 cm for the 2012 event. By using both teleseismic body waves and tsunami observations of the 2016 event, we obtained optimum slip models with rupture velocity (Vr ) in the range of 2.8-3.6 kms-1 belonging to both EWand NS faults.While the EW fault plane cannot be fully ruled out, we chose the best model as the NS fault plane with a Vr of 3.6 km s-1, a maximum slip of 7.7 m and source duration of 33 s. The tsunami energy period bands were 4-15 and 7-24 min for the 2016 and 2012 tsunamis, respectively, reflecting the difference in source sizes. Seismicity in the Wharton Basin is dominated by large strike-slip events including the 2012 (Mw 8.6 and 8.2) and 2016 (Mw 7.8) events, indicating that these events are possible tsunami sources in theWharton Basin. Cumulative number and cumulative seismic-moment curves revealed that most earthquakes are of strike-slip mechanisms and the largest seismic-moment is provided by the strike-slip earthquakes in this basin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1601-1612
Number of pages12
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Volume211
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Authors 2017.

Keywords

  • Earthquake source observations
  • Fourier analysis
  • Indian Ocean
  • Numerical modelling
  • Seismicity and tectonics
  • Tsunamis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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