Trophic structure, stability, and parasite persistence threshold in food webs

C Finn McQuaid, Nicholas F Britton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Food web structure of free-living species is an important determinant of parasite species richness. Downwardly asymmetric predator-prey interactions (where there are more prey than predator species) have been shown, both theoretically and empirically, to harbour more trophically transmitted parasite species than expected due to chance. Here, we demonstrate that this could be due to the increase in the basic reproductive ratio that the addition of non-host prey species to a system creates. However, we note that the basic reproductive ratio is only increased by those prey that stabilise oscillations in a predator-prey system, and is decreased by those that do not.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2196-207
Number of pages12
JournalBulletin of Mathematical Biology
Volume75
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Fingerprint

Food Web
Food Chain
trophic structure
Persistence
food webs
food web
parasite
Parasites
Prey
persistence
Predator prey systems
predators
parasites
predator-prey relationships
Ports and harbors
oscillation
Species Richness
predator
species diversity
Predator-prey

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystem
  • Food Chain
  • Humans
  • Mathematical Concepts
  • Models, Biological
  • Parasites
  • Parasitic Diseases
  • Population Dynamics

Cite this

Trophic structure, stability, and parasite persistence threshold in food webs. / McQuaid, C Finn; Britton, Nicholas F.

In: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, Vol. 75, No. 11, 11.2013, p. 2196-207.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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