Triplet superconductivity and proximity effect induced by Bloch and Néel domain walls

Daniel Fritsch, James F. Annett

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Noncollinear magnetic interfaces introduced in superconductor (SC)/ferromagnet/SC heterostructures allow for spin-flipping processes and are able to generate equal-spin spin-triplet pairing correlations within the ferromagnetic region. This leads to the occurrence of the so-called long-range proximity effect. Particular examples of noncollinear magnetic interfaces include Bloch and Néel domain walls. Here, we present results for heterostructures containing Bloch and Néel domain walls based on self-consistent solutions of the spin-dependent Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations in the clean limit. In particular, we investigate the thickness dependence of Bloch and Néel domain walls on induced spin-triplet pairing correlations and compare with other experimental and theoretical results, including conical magnetic layers as noncollinear magnetic interfaces. It is shown that both Bloch and Néel domain walls lead to the generation of unequal-spin spin-triplet pairing correlations of similar strength as for conical magnetic layers. However, for the particular heterostructure geometries investigated, only Bloch domain walls lead to the generation of equal-spin spin-triplet pairing correlations. They are stronger than those generated by an equivalent thickness of conical magnetic layers. In order for Néel domain walls to induce equal-spin spin-triplet pairing correlations, they have to be oriented such that the noncollinearity appears within the plane parallel to the interface region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number085015
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number8
Early online date13 Jul 2015
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2015


  • heterostructures
  • multilayers
  • nonconventional superconductivity
  • proximity effect


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