Transition-state vibrational analysis and isotope effects for COMT-catalyzed methyl transfer

Maite Roca, Ian Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Isotopic partition-function ratios (IPFRs) computed for transition structures (TSs) of the methyl-transfer reaction catalyzed by catechol O-methyltransferase and modelled by hybrid QM/MM methods are analyzed. The ability of smaller Hessians to reproduce trends in α-3H3 and 14Cα IPFRs as obtained using the much larger subset QM/MM Hessians from which they are extracted is investigated critically. A 6-atom-extracted Hessian reproduces perfectly the α-T3 IPFR values from the full-subset Hessians of all the TSs, but not the α-14C IPFRs. Average AM1/OPLS-AA harmonic frequencies and mean-square amplitudes are presented for the 12 normal modes of the α-CH3 moiety within the active site of several enzymic transition structures, together with QM/MM potential energy scans along each of these modes to assess the degree of anharmonicity. A novel investigation of ponderal effects upon IPFRs suggests that the value for α-14C tends towards a limiting minimum whereas that for α-T3 tends towards a limiting maximum as the mass of the rest of the system increases. The transition vector is dominated by motions of atoms within the donor and acceptor moieties and is very well described as a simple combination of Walden-inversion “umbrella” bending and asymmetric stretching of the SCα and CαO bonds. The contribution of atoms of the protein residues Met40, Tyr68 and Asp141 to the transition vector is extremely small. Average valence force constants for the COMT TS show significant differences from early BEBOVIB estimates which were used in support of the compression hypothesis for catalysis. There is no correlation between TS IPFRs and the nonbonded distances for close contacts between the S atom of SAM and Tyr68 or between any of the H atoms of the transferring methyl group and either Met40 or Asp141.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15548–15559
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume142
Issue number36
Early online date19 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Sep 2020

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