Transient computations using the natural stress formulation for solving sharp corner flows

J. D. Evans, C. M. Oishi

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In this short communication, we analyse the potential of the natural stress formulation (NSF) (i.e. aligning the stress basis along streamlines) for computing planar flows of an Oldroyd-B fluid around sharp corners. This is the first attempt to combine the NSF into a numerical strategy for solving a transient fluid flow problem considering the momentum equation in Navier–Stokes form (the elastic stress entering as a source term) and using the constitutive equations for natural stress variables. Preliminary results of the NSF are motivating in the sense that accuracy of the numerical solution for the extra stress tensor is improved near to the sharp corner. Comparison studies among the NSF and the Cartesian stress formulation (CSF) (i.e. using a fixed Cartesian stress basis) are conducted in a typical benchmark viscoelastic fluid flow involving a sharp corner: the 4: 1 contraction. The CSF needs a mesh approximately 10 times smaller to capture similar near singularity results to the NSF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-52
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017


  • Natural stress formulation
  • Oldroyd-B model
  • Planar contraction
  • Sharp corner
  • Unsteady viscoelastic flows

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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