Projects per year
Purpose: Athletes' force-power characteristics influence sled velocity during the skeleton start, which is a crucial determinant of performance. This study characterized force-power profile changes across an 18-month period and investigated the associations between these changes and start performance. Methods: Seven elite- and 5 talent-squad skeleton athletes' (representing 80% of registered athletes in the country) force-power profiles and dry-land push-track performances were assessed at multiple time points over two 6-month training periods and one 5-month competition season. Force-power profiles were evaluated using an incremental leg-press test (Keiser A420), and 15-m sled velocity was recorded using photocells. Results: Across the initial maximum strength development phases, increases in maximum force (Fmax) and decreases in maximum velocity (Vmax) were typically observed. These changes were greater for talent (23.6% and-12.5%, respectively) compared with elite (6.1% and-7.6%, respectively) athletes. Conversely, decreases in Fmax (elite-6.7% and talent-10.3%) and increases in Vmax (elite 8.1% and talent 7.7%) were observed across the winter period, regardless of whether athletes were competing (elite) or accumulating sliding experience (talent).When the training emphasis shifted toward higher-velocity, sprint-based exercises in the second training season, force-power profiles seemed to becomemore velocity oriented (higher Vmax andmore negative force-velocity gradient), which was associated with greater improvements in sled velocity (r = .42 and-.45, respectively). Conclusions: These unique findings demonstrate the scope to influence force-power-generating capabilities in well-trained skeleton athletes across different training phases. To enhance start performance, it seems important to place particular emphasis on increasing maximum muscle-contraction velocity.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance|
|Early online date||5 Sep 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2018|
- Ice track
- Leg press
- Neuromuscular adaptation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
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- 1 Finished
Cosker, D., Bilzon, J., Campbell, N., Cazzola, D., Colyer, S., Fincham Haines, T., Hall, P., Kim, K. I., Lutteroth, C., McGuigan, P., O'Neill, E., Richardt, C., Salo, A., Seminati, E., Tabor, A. & Yang, Y.
1/09/15 → 28/02/21
Project: Research council