Trade, employment and horizontal inequalities in new order Indonesia

Graham K Brown

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Abstract

This article explores the extent to which trade might impact horizontal inequalities in Indonesia by focusing on a district-level cross-sectional analysis of the relationship between different export sectors and the extent of horizontal inequalities across three dimensions. Although the causal directionality is unclear, there is significant evidence of correlations between particular industries and particular dimensions of horizontal inequality. There is no single industry that is consistently correlated with horizontal inequalities across all dimensions, however; neither are the results consistent across urban and rural districts. The conclusion that we can draw from this is that although the export structure of the Indonesian economy does appear to have influenced horizontal inequalities this has largely been located within a very particular and localized political economy of migration and ethno-religious identities. It is not so much that trade has favoured particular groups bestowed with higher endowments of education or other resources.
LanguageEnglish
Pages735-752
JournalEuropean Journal of Development Research
Volume24
Issue number5
Early online date22 Aug 2012
DOIs
StatusPublished - 1 Dec 2012

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Indonesia
industry
political economy
education
district
resource
migration
economy
resources
evidence
Group
analysis

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Trade, employment and horizontal inequalities in new order Indonesia. / Brown, Graham K.

In: European Journal of Development Research, Vol. 24, No. 5, 01.12.2012, p. 735-752.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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