Towards the design of effective freehand gestural interaction for interactive TV

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (SciVal)
180 Downloads (Pure)


As interactive devices become pervasive, people are beginning to look for more advanced interaction with televisions in the living room. Interactive television has the potential to offer a very engaging experience. But most common user tasks are still challenging with such systems, such as menu selection or text input, and little work has been done on understanding and supporting the effective design of freehand interaction with a TV in the domestic environment. In this paper, we report two studies investigating freehand gestural interaction with a consumer level sensor that is suitable for TV use scenarios. In the first study, we investigate a range of design factors for tiled layout menu selection, including wearable feedback, push gesture depth, target size and position in motor space. The results show that tactile and audio feedback have no significant effect on user performance and preference, and these results inform potential designs for high selection performance. In the second study, we investigate using freehand gestures for the common TV user task of text input. We design and evaluate two virtual keyboard layouts and three freehand selection methods. Results show that ease of use and error tolerance can both be achieved using a text entry method utilizing a dual circle layout and an expanding target selection technique. Finally, we propose design guidelines for effective, usable and comfortable freehand gestural interaction for interactive TV based on the findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2659-2674
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2016


  • Freehand gesture selection
  • tile layout
  • wearable feedback

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Engineering(all)
  • Artificial Intelligence


Dive into the research topics of 'Towards the design of effective freehand gestural interaction for interactive TV'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this